The primary cause of gum disease is the build-up of plaque and calculus. Poor oral hygiene is often the cause when the teeth are not being cleaned as thoroughly or as frequently as they should be. This is one of the reasons it is so crucial to visit your dentist for check-ups and cleans every six months—or more frequently, in some cases. This gives your dentist the opportunity to monitor the health of your teeth and gums.
Your dentist or periodontist will check for changes in the size, shape, appearance and texture of your gums, any of which can indicate the presence of gum disease. Often people who have gum disease do not know they have it. The only way to know for sure if your gums are healthy is by seeing the dentist.
In addition, good home care is also crucial when it comes to the health of your teeth and gums. Many people do not floss regularly, and the truth is that your toothbrush cannot reach the areas between your teeth and below the gumline where plaque can build up. Daily brushing and cleaning between your teeth will help keep your gums and teeth clean and reduce the risk of gum disease.